Coaching is a new discipline that brings us closer to achieving goals, allowing us to develop personally and professionally. It is a competition that helps you think differently, improve the communications you maintain and deepen yourself.
What is coaching?
You could say that Coaching is the art of working with others so that they obtain unusual results and improve their performance.. It is an activity that generates new possibilities for action and allows extraordinary results.
Another way to define coaching is, an alliance between tutor and client, it is an agreement between the parties, which establishes the objectives to be achieved, the way to carry out the program, the work agenda and the evaluation of the results that the student is reaching.
Coaching is much more than a tool for management, it is a way of being and doing. What makes it a great tool in business management and an invaluable tool in personal development to achieve both personal and professional goals.
- We can associate coaching with learning. The coach or instructor instructs the student or coachee and collaborates with him to get put into practice the guidelines he has previously given. Coaching involves "mentoring" from beginning to end. That is, the tutor lays the foundation, instructs and collaborates with the student by correcting and supporting him.
- Coaching is based on a dialogue between the coach and the coachee in a conducive and results-oriented environment. Coaching consists in training individual people to get the best out of them and to bring to light what they know.
- On many occasions people are not able to bring out all their knowledge. Therefore, the tutor assists them to find answers, perhaps to questions never asked. In many cases it is more important to know which questions are more appropriate, than to know all the answers.
- With coaching we try to discover ourselves, to recognize ourselves and to change. People are constantly changing, and what it is about is that these changes have a good end. Therefore, coaching will help us enrich ourselves and change in the right direction, making the best of ourselves, influencing not only knowledge but also emotions.
Many believe that coaching is still an incipient technique. However, and after the premises given, we can think that coaching, although not baptized, exists since the beginning of time.
Tutors have always existed providing support, encouragement and planning actions to achieve a specific objective. In another more formal aspect, many of the principles of coaching derive from psychology, and education. Therefore coaching is not a new discipline. Perhaps what has been achieved is that it is also based on philosophy.
What is not Coaching?
The basis of coaching is in psychology, specifically in psychological theory, and often in psychological practices. Coaching is based on humanistic psychology, a science created by Maslow and that deals with human values and personal development.
Tutoring involves the examination and clarification of the needs and values of the individual, and the development of objectives that lead to personal and professional development.
Coaching is not a therapy
Although we can say that it is based on some therapy models.
Although there are many others, it is based on the following:
- Therapy based on the principles of constructivist learning. This therapy is considered a system of changing the history of an individual. It is used in organizations to lead individuals towards deeper personal development. The person transforms his reality, becoming a more conscious being of his own history.
- Solution-directed therapy. This model is focused on focusing the problem, analyzing it and proposing alternative solutions. Thus an action plan is drawn up to solve a problem and reach the set goals. It is based on the belief that the individual has all the answers and that it is only necessary to dig into it to get them.
- Transactional analysis. Developed by Eric Berne, it helps the individual to identify the states of his ego (father, adult and child) and to evaluate the ways of acting to make them mature and realistic.
- Neuro-Linguistic Programming. Study the functioning of thought, language and behavior. It is used in organizations, to encourage learning, set goals, improve relationships and emotions.
- Psychodynamic therapy. It is based on the subconscious of individuals. It is believed that the root causes of current problems are almost always found in the person's history. In this case Freud and his psychoanalysis is fundamental and in him the coach must be trained to get the best out of his student. The importance of evaluating the real background of certain behaviors is highlighted. It is not easy to differentiate psychoanalytic therapy from coaching and it is essential that tutors do not become psychotherapists, since time does not allow them to transform a current relationship into an extension of a previous one.
Once the types of therapy are known, we will list the fundamental coincidences and differences between therapy and coaching.
- They focus on the individual, researching him and evaluating him.
- In both cases of listening and reflections are made, dialoguing about all situations.
- It is based on fixing the strengths and weaknesses of each person.
- In both cases it is about achieving personal development.
- Therapists almost never give advice, instead the coach is free to make suggestions, give advice and face the individual.
- Therapists tend to focus on the solution of traumas based on past problems that have left their mark, while tutors know their impact on the individual, but do not explore it in depth. Coaches propel the person into action, leaving feelings aside.
- Therapy usually focuses on feelings associated with the past, while mentoring is related to setting goals and moving forward.
- Therapy explores negative resistance, while coaching attempts to convert complaints into objectives, driving an individual to a higher level of success.
- Therapy is related to progress, while coaching is associated with performance.
Coaching is not training
Training is an important point is everyone. All organizations make large investments for training programs.
In any case, it is demonstrated that only between 8 and 12 percent of those who attend training courses transform new techniques and knowledge into a measurable improvement in performance. This is because many programs do not allow the implementation of the techniques learned: the individual tries, but if he encounters pitfalls, he returns to his previous behavior.
Training programs do not benefit everyone, only some. Coaching, on the other hand, is personalized and oriented to the needs of each individual.
In training, change comes from outside, while coaching tries to clarify inner values, enhancing their motivation.
Coaching is not consulting
Workplace consulting is another discipline closely related to coaching and that is sometimes confused with it. Workplace consulting usually involves overcoming a low performance situation by solving a specific problem..
Sometimes a consultant in the workplace may adopt a coaching function. However, there are differences between the traditional consulting and coaching model.
The purpose of the consultancy is to ensure that employees with problems become aware of them and that they are able to recognize that there is a difference between their current performance and the desired performance. A plan to correct and solve it needs to be developed. Instead, Coaching is a continuous development process that allows employees to obtain the skills they need to evolve professionally and personally., and better perform their tasks both at work and in personal life.
Coaching is not mentoring
As much as mentoring seems synonymous with coaching, it is necessary not to confuse both disciplines. Mentoring, according to Lewis, is "a natural way of transmitting knowledge, techniques and experiences to others by someone who is usually older, more knowledgeable and endowed with life experience and a broader specific knowledge."
Other two mentoring definitions They are:
- According to Shea: "Who offers knowledge, reflection, perspective or wisdom especially useful for another person."
- According to Rolfe Flett: "Profession partner who knows your specialty thoroughly and advises and encourages you."
The mentoring is based on the "mentor", who was traditionally those persons of legal age and more cultured who transmitted his wisdom, knowledge and advice to someone younger, but less expert.
This knowledge was transmitted from generation to generation. However, modern mentoring relationships are based on a more mutual, equal and collaborative learning alliance. These characteristics also apply to the coaching relationship.Related tests
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